Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells
Hematopoietic stem cells are present in the blood of the umbilical cord during and shortly after delivery. These stem cells are in the blood at the time of delivery, because they move from the liver, where blood-formation takes place during fetal life, to the bone marrow, where blood is made after birth. Umbilical cord stem cells are similar to stem cells that reside in bone marrow, and can be used for the treatment of leukemia and other diseases of the blood. Efforts are now being undertaken to collect these cells and store them in freezers for later use. However, one problem is that there may not be enough umbilical cord stem cells in any one sample to transplant into an adult.
A cell that has not yet developed into a specialized cell type.
Unipotent Stem Cells:
A unipotent stem cell refers to a cell that can differentiate along only one lineage.
The urothelium or uroepithelium (or "transitional epithelium") is the epithelium that lines much of the urinary tract. It is a layer of tissue that lines the renal pelvis, the ureters, the bladder, and parts of the urethra.